# Elementary School Curriculum

Our elementary curriculum is constructed to set the foundational principles of each subject in kindergarten, then progress in complexity at each grade level. Recognizing that every person’s learning pace and style is unique, we tailor our teaching methods to each child’s needs. This differentiated approach incorporates traditional and progressive learning strategies, and is designed to advance in step with each student’s physical, emotional and psychological development. Our small class sizes enable us to ensure that each child is able to master an individual concept first, and then build to the next step. Creative, collaborative and interactive classroom activities ensure students are experiencing content in auditory, visual and tactile ways. This sensory reinforcement enables students to move new concepts from short-term into long-term memory.

**Kindergarten Objectives**

### Language Arts

- write letters and numbers
- recognize consonants and vowels
- recognize rhyming words
- extend vocabulary
- write short sentences and stories
- recognize sequence and main idea
- compare and contrast ideas
- formulate opinions
- begin sentences with capital letters
- recognize use of period,
- question mark and exclamation point
- speak clearly and confidently
- follow verbal directions
- blend short vowel words,
- recognize word families

### Science

*Topics:*trees; animals; wood, paper, fabric.*Skills:*plant/care for a tree; observe properties of trees; observe/care for animals; note interactions of animals; compare different kinds of wood, paper, fabric.

### Mathematics

- sort and classify objects and words
- identify similar/ different
- identify shapes/sizes
- recognize/extend patterns
- collect, organize,
- display data
- interpret and analyze data
- order numbers 0-30
- explorefractions to½
- measure shorter/longer
- measure heavier/lighter
- identify before/after
- sequence first/next/last
- tell time to the hour
- count money to 10 cents
- add/subtract numbers to 5
- count by 2′s, 5′s, 10′s

### Social Studies

*Topics:*working together, now and long ago.*Skills:*share material; pose alternative solutions; take on more responsibility; explore school environment.

**First Grade Objectives**

### Language Arts

- read fluently
- summarize
- recognize contractions
- recognize compound words
- use context clues for meaning
- recognize blends and diphthongs
- identify characters, setting, cause, effect, reality, fantasy, motives and feeling
- write complete sentences
- spell 30 high-frequency words
- use nouns, verbs and adjectives
- use quotations marks and apostrophes
- alphabetize by first letter
- spell with descriptive language, stay on the subject

### Science

*Topics:*plants; solid/liquid; air/weather.*Skills:*recognize differences between solids and liquids; conduct investigation on unknown material; experience diverse plant forms; describe changes as plants grow.

### Mathematics

- read/write cardinal numbers to 100
- identify ordinals to 10th
- add/subtract to 20
- add columns 2-digits
- read/write math sentences, explore fractions (1/3,1/4, etc.)
- identify 3-dimensional shapes
- identify congruent figures
- measure and compare height
- measure and compare length
- add/subtract money to 25 cents
- tell time to ¼ hour
- use a calendar
- create graphs
- apply problem-solving strategies
- estimate
- practice mental math, communicate mathematically

### Social Studies

*Topics:*cultural diversity; geography; economy.*Skills:*respect rights of others; appreciate different customs; develop map skills; understand goods and services.

**Second Grade Objectives**

### Language Arts

- use general phonics rules
- read for information
- use table of contents
- determine appropriate resources
- identify problem/solution
- draw conclusions
- predict outcomes
- spell 60 high-frequency words
- alphabetize by first two letters
- write organized paragraphs, research papers and poetry
- conduct and write up an interview
- use commas in a series
- begin cursive writing
- speak in complete sentences
- substantiate an opinion

### Science

*Topics:*insects; balance/motion; pebbles/sand/silt.*Skills:*observe life cycles; respect insects as living things; discover properties of a stable position; understand counter weighting; observe how mass affects rotation.

### Mathematics

- explore place value to 1,000
- identify greater/less than
- identify ordinals to 20th
- identify odd/even
- recall addition /subtraction to 18
- add/subtract with regrouping
- create /interpret graphs
- create/solve story problems
- evaluate answers for reasonable outcomes
- develop estimation skill
- recognize congruent figures
- read a calendar
- measure with inches/centimeters
- tell time to 5-minute intervals
- add/subtract money to $1.00
- explain math strategies used

### Social Studies

*Topics:*grandparents and ancestors; people who supply our needs.*Skills:*appreciate family origins; research famous people; develop understanding of careers.

**Third Grade Objectives**

### Language Arts

- properly capitalize and punctuate
- understand syllabication
- identify subject/object pronouns
- use content-related vocabulary
- recall supporting details
- describe character feelings
- make generalizations
- understand similes and metaphors
- identify synonyms and antonyms
- summarize current events
- alphabetize first three letters
- write a bibliography
- use encyclopedias
- spell 90 high-frequency words
- recite poetry
- present oral reports

### Science

*Topics:*life structures; sound earth material; measurement.*Skills:*develop respect of life; observe/record information; understand causes of sound; relate pitch to sound source, frequency, tension and length; develop estimation skills.

### Mathematics

- multiply/divide to the 12′s
- identify place value to 100,000′s
- add/subtract 4-digit numbers
- multiply 2 digits by 1 digit
- divide 2-digit quotients
- identify equivalent fractions
- explore mixed numbers
- identify decimals (tenths)
- identify segments and angles
- explore geometry of planes
- recognize symmetry
- tell time to the minute
- make change
- explore perimeter and area

### Social Studies

*Topics:*Native Americans; history of Los Angeles.*Skills:*appreciate tribal customs; understand natural landscape; note multicultural contributions; compare community past and present.

**Fourth Grade Objectives**

### Language Arts

- understand verb tenses
- identify mood, hyperbole and idioms
- identify first/third voice
- describe point-of-view
- identify genres of literature
- spell 120 high-frequency words
- develop proofreading skills
- write introductions and conclusions
- write several kinds of letters
- select appropriate definitions
- alphabetize by first four letters
- use an index, thesaurus, and atlas
- write poetry

### Science

*Topics:*human body; magnetism; electricity; water; invention*Skills:*build mechanical models; gather information from photos and diagrams; explore bone /muscle structure and function; observe how magnets and electricity react with different materials.

### Mathematics

- identify place value to 100,000,000
- round numbers for calculation
- multiply with regrouping
- understand long division
- find the average
- convert inches/feet/yards
- understand ratio and scale
- reduce fractions
- add/subtract like denominators
- understand probability
- identify decimals (hundredths)
- convert seconds/minutes
- graph ordered pairs
- identify a reasonable answer
- use multiple strategies to identify problems

### Social Studies

*Topics:*California geography; California history.*Skills:*identify geographic regions; understand colonization concept; appreciate Missions’ contributions; identify effects of the Gold Rush.

**Fifth Grade Objectives**

### Language Arts

- Identify root words, prefix/suffix
- identify sentence fragments
- combine sentences
- recognize prepositional phrases
- use consistent verb tense
- recognize tall tales and exaggeration
- understand motives and imagery
- recognize foreshadowing
- complete analogies
- analyze/synthesize/evaluate ideas
- interpret graphs, charts and tables
- use an almanac
- spell 150 high-frequency words

### Science

*Topics:*nutrition; solar energy; mixtures/solutions; human development.*Skills:*become aware of proteins, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins; relate experimental results to food; become informed consumers; understand mixtures and solutions.

### Mathematics

- identify place value to 1000000000
- determine order of operations
- multiply/divide 3-digit decimals
- find circumference, area
- determine time in time zones
- identify parallel and perpendicular
- identify intersection
- measure angles
- classify polygons
- identify radius and diameter
- add/subtract fractions
- compare/order fractions
- relate fractions to decimals
- rename improper fractions
- interpret graphs
- solve multi-step problems

### Social Studies

*Topics:*U.S. geography; age of exploration; U.S. history to westward expansion*Skills:*develop map skills; identify contribution of explorers; appreciate roles of women and men; note impact of Revolutionary War.